The cluster community in Brazil has been growing consistently over the past ten years. Today in Brazil, clusters are known as Arranjos Produtivos Locais (APL - local production systems in English), and a certain number of federal programs are designed to develop them further.

In 2011, the Ministério do Desenvolvimento, Indústria e Comércio Exterior of Brazil signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the European Commission. Building on this MoU, the GTP-APL signed a Clusters Cooperation Agenda (CCA) with the European ECCP in 2011. In December 2013, a new CCA was signed between GTP-APL and the ECCP.

Economic and political context and framework

Brazil’s economy is considered to be the largest in South America and the second largest of the Western Hemisphere. From 2000 to 2012, Brazil´s economy was also considered one of the fastest-growing economies. Currently, the EU is Brazil's most significant trading partner.

Cluster community in the country

In Brazil, clusters are known as Arranjos Produtivos Locais (APL - local production systems in English). APL Observatory is the official database of APLs. It aggregates information about Brazilian cluster communities, providing information on the cluster environment, geography, sectors and main cluster cities, among others. The number of Brazilian APLs (S&T clusters) has grown quickly over the past 15 years. There are currently 774 APLs. About one fifth of APLs are concentrated in the southern and southeaster regions of the country.

Cluster policies encouraging the development and internationalisation of clusters

The development of policies to support APLs is mainly guided by the federal government through the APL Permanent Working Group (GTP-APL). Brazil and the European Commission in 2011 signed an MoU to promote SME's competitiveness in the global market through clusters.Read more...

The Clusters Cooperation Agenda (CCA) signed by GTP-APL and the European Cluster Collaboration Platform in 2011 aims to strengthen business, research and technological cooperation, and promote SME internationalisation by encouraging clusters from Brazil and Europe to collaborate. In December 2013, a new CCA signed between GTP-APL and the ECCP was signed.

As a result of the MoU and CCA, a first match-making event was held in 2013 to promote business, research and technological cooperation between European and Brazilian clusters in the biotechnology sector.Read less.

Cluster to cluster cooperation opportunities and potential interest from European clusters and SMEs

The EU has focused on supporting cluster internationalisation and cooperation with Brazil by stimulating C2C.

Biotechnology, renewable energy and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are the industry sectors that present the most opportunities for technology, innovation and business cooperation between Brazilian clusters and EU clusters.

Key Facts

Capital: Brasília

Population: 206,440,850 (2015)

Total area: 8,515,767 km2 (2014)

GDP per capital: $15,048 (2015)

Gross domestic product: $3.101 trillion

Currency: Real (R$) (BRL)


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ESCP-4is targetting this country

Acronym Name Technology Fields Sectoral Industries Targeted third countries No. of SME involved No. of Partners
EACP ABROAD Activities and Businesses from Real Opportunities for Aerospace Developments (EACP network) Brazil, Canada, Japan, Mexico, United Arab Emirates, United States 1355 11
bioXclusters plus ESCP on Personalised Healthcare
Human health and social work activities:Q86 Human health activities
Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, Republic of Korea (South Korea), United States 880 4
DIA European Digital Industry Alliance Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, India, Japan, Mexico, Morocco, United States 865 6
H2GLOBAL European Green Hydrogen Cluster Alliance for Internationalisation
C\: Chemistry; metallurgy:Electrolytic or electrophoretic processes; apparatus therefor
F\: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting:Storing or distributing gases or liquids
Y\: General tagging of new technological developments:Technologies or applications for mitigation or adaptation against climate change
Professional, scientific and technical activities:M74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies:U99 Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies
Japan, Chile, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Brazil, Morocco 416 860
AdPack Future Materials and products for advanced smart packaging
A\: Human necessities:Foods or foodstuffs; their treatment, not covered by other classes
B\: Performing operations; transporting:Cleaning
B\: Performing operations; transporting:Conveying; packing; storing; handling thin or filamentary material
Agriculture, forestry and fishing:A01 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities
Manufacturing:C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products
Manufacturing:C22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, United States 373 5