Cluster business models fit for accelerating the twin transitions
This Discussion Paper was submitted to the European Expert Group on Clusters as an input for their discussions. The European Expert Group on Clusters provides the Commission, EU countries and regions with recommendations, advice, and expertise, specifically on how to better use clusters as a strategic tool of industrial policy, interregional collaboration and to integrate SMEs into EU and global value chains. The members of the group are the EU countries and individual experts appointed in a personal capacity (selected via a call for applications).
Europe has been leading the way to a climate-neutral society by setting targets to achieve in 2050 an economy with net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. The European Green Deal provides the overall strategy to support a competitive and decarbonised economy where economic growth is decoupled from resource use. Understanding cluster business models to make them fit to support the twin transitions will improve competitiveness and enhance sustainability. The objective of this input paper is to steer the discussion on the role of cluster business models in implementing transition pathways.