The cluster community in Morocco is growing. Morocco first engaged in cluster development policy through the “Pacte National pour l’Emergence Industrielle” in the late 2000’s. Today, Morocco’s cluster programme consists of the “Stratégie Maroc Innovation” programme, which aims to improve R&D and promote innovation.

Cluster-to-cluster cooperation between the EU and Morocco is in its beginning stages, although several and strategic sectors for cooperation have been established, as well as cluster organisations in the EU and Morocco looking for cooperation.

Economic and political context and framework

Morocco is one of the most developed economies in Africa. With a total GDP of just above USD 109 billion in 2017, and with a GNI per capita of roughly USD 3.000 p. a. (current rate), Morocco is a middle-income economy. It is the sixth richest African country and ranks 11th in terms of GDP per capita, in Africa. Though Morocco is progressively shifting towards an industrial and service-based economy, agriculture is still important, with a booming export sector driven by fishes and seafood, tomatoes and citrus. The industry accounts for 30% of the Moroccan economy with strength in the automotive and aeronautic industries, textile, energy and ICT. Morocco’s service economy is well-developed with banking and finance, as well as tourism boosting the sector.

Cluster community in the country

Originally, Morocco engaged in cluster development policy through the Pacte National pour l’Emergence Industrielle. In 2009, the objective of this pacte was to develop 15 national cluster initiatives. Today, Morocco’s cluster programme consists of the “Stratégie Maroc Innovation” programme aims to improve R&D and promote innovation targeting triple-helix agents.


The cluster programme combines a top-down and bottom-up approach: state support and at the same time initiating cluster competition. Further cluster organisations are promoted by other stakeholders such as the solar cluster or the Industrial Cluster for Environmental Services (CISE). Additionally, Morocco actively pursues an industrial policy plan (“Plan D’acceleration industrielle”) until 2020 which includes the development of cluster organisations and cluster policy.Read less.

Cluster policies encouraging the development and internationalisation of clusters

Through the Plan D’acceleration industrielle, the internationalization of clusters has been a particular area of focus for the Moroccan government.

Cluster to cluster cooperation opportunities and potential interest from European clusters and SMEs

The Next Society, which aims to reinforce EU-South Mediterranean countries economic and innovation cooperation, is a programme funded by the European Commission. It works notably on developing cluster collaboration between Europe and Mediterranean countries, including Morocco.

Key Facts

Capital: Rabat Population: 33 848 242 (2015) Total area: 446 550 km2 GDP per capital :3 291 USD (2015) Gross domestic product: (2015) Currency: Dirham 

This block is broken or missing. You may be missing content or you might need to enable the original module. This block is broken or missing. You may be missing content or you might need to enable the original module. This block is broken or missing. You may be missing content or you might need to enable the original module.

ESCP-4i News

Stay updated with the news from the European Cluster Partnership for Internationalisation
Community News
Published 22.02.2021

Community News
Published 07.05.2020

Community News
Published 17.12.2019

ESCP-4is targetting this country

Acronym Name Technology Fields Sectoral Industries Targeted third countries No. of SME involved Sort descending No. of Partners
SpaceWave Clusters waving the flag to the internationalisation of European SMEs taking advantage of the cross-sectoral dimension of Earth observation for Blue Growth market Australia, Canada, Mexico, Morocco, South Africa, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Viet Nam 50 4
REINA PLUS Renewable Energy Internationalisation ESCP project for European SMEs Algeria, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Morocco, Tunisia, United States 322 4
FoodNet Food In Eco Network Algeria, Canada, China, India, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Turkmenistan, United States, Uzbekistan 362 5
MOVE Moving the Future Brazil, Morocco 567 9
EnW Energy in Water China, Colombia, Mexico, Morocco, Peru, Singapore, Tunisia, United States 650 7