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Green Energy Romanian Innovative Biomass Cluster
Clusterul Inovativ al Biomasei Green Energy

Romania: Centre (Romania)
Lajos Vajda
100% completed


About us

Green Energy Innovative Biomass Cluster has been founded in 2011 with the aim to raise the interest towards the production and utilization of the solid biomass, the most important renewable energy source in Romania. The cluster ensures the frame to develop innovative solutions in the field of the solid biomass by putting emphasis on the environmental, social and economic benefits.

The mission of the cluster is to link businesses, research organizations, universities and public administration in order to enhance cooperation, stimulate innovation, spread knowledge in the field of the solid biomass, the most important renewable energy source in Romania. It is important to define innovative solutions and synchronize the production and utilization of the solid biomass by developing the biomass value-chain and enhancing cooperation among cluster participants.

Objectives of the cluster • To develop the value chain in the field of energy willow crops, green waste management and industrial wood-waste management • To develop the market for the sustainable use of the biomass for energy purposes (providing heat energy) • To ensure human resource development in the sector by providing professional training • To identify themes for research and innovation projects • To ensure professional management of the cluster • To participate in international projects and cooperation

Established - 14 February 2011
Staff in the management team - 6-10

Cluster composition

  • 77
    Cluster Members
  • 49
  • 3
    Number of start-ups among SME's
  • 3
    Large Companies
  • 8
    Research Organisations, Universities, Technology Centers
  • 2
    Number of civil society members
  • 15
    Other Ecosystem Actors

The  Cluster has been mentioned as best practice model in the EU-financed projects Promobio (Promotion of regional bioenergy initiatives), ADC (mobilising public support for entrepreneurial cooperation in the strategic productive sectors of South East Europe), Ecrein+ (exchange experiences with the aim to develop tools and actions to implement innovative regional policies supporting eco-innovation and eco-businesses), Confindustria: Proactive Change and TREC-Danube (a transnational network of regional clusters in the field of renewable energy, energy systems and bioeconomy).

The Cluster has also been taking significant steps towards moving to an international level, and currently, the cluster has strengthened relations with international actors, and since 2016 is member of the eseia organisation.

Legal form of the cluster organisation
Registered Association
Languages spoken
English French German Hungarian Romanian

Management team

Lajos Vajda
Cluster Manager

Sectorial and industrial focus

Sectoral industries
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities:E39 Remediation activities and other waste management services - Education:P85 Education
Sectoral Industries (NACE 4 digit)
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.:C2821 Manufacture of ovens, furnaces and furnace burners - Remediation activities and other waste management services:E3900 Remediation activities and other waste management services
Cross-sectoral industries
Environmental Industries
Industrial Alliances and Ecosystems
Ecosystems:Renewable Energy
Technology fields
B\: Performing operations; transporting:Disposal of solid waste; reclamation of contaminated soil - F\: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting:Furnaces; kilns; ovens; retorts
S3 EU priority areas

Key members

Profile name Location


Support services provided

Other (please specify)

Further information


  • Fostering exchange between cluster members
  • Identifying and integrating cluster members
  • Strategy development and monitoring
  • Organizing events
  • Networking & lobbying
  • Creating awareness of promoting cluster policy in the region
  • Initiation, development and supervision of co-operating projects between companies and R&D facilities
  • Stimulating innovation in the cluster
  • Organizing/securing financing and funding
  • Carrying out public relation and marketing activities
  • Initiation, development and supervision of B2B co-operation projects
  • Development and implementation of PR concept of the cluster
  • Development and implementation of internationalization strategy of the cluster
  • Initiation, development and supervision of international co-operation projects of cluster members


Research-Development-Innovation WG

  • facilitate cooperation between businesses and RDI (universities and other RDI suppliers) for innovation project ideas
  • initiation and acquisition of third party funding for R&D projects
  • Initiation of collaborative innovation projects between cluster participants for technology development, technology transfer
  • Cooperation with innovation support and innovation service providers, business and innovation promoters

Business Development WG

  • Give support in exploring business opportunities
  • Consulting and coaching
  • Strengthen cooperation and commercial relations among businesses
  • Attracting new (missing) businesses in the cluster or
  • generating new start-ups to fulfil new demands of the market

Education and Human Resource Development WG

  • Specific training related to cluster development for the cluster participants (focusing on clustering / benefits of the cluster)
  • Establishment of vocational training courses, study-courses, curricula

Marketing, Communication WG

  • Developing and implementing a common marketing policy, developing a brand
  • Enhanced external communication
  • Lobby to represent the interests of the cluster participants and contribute to relevant policies

Internationalisation WG

  • Intensify international contacts and cooperation with foreign partners or clusters
  • Initiate and establish partnership in international projects (knowledge transfer, best practice exchange)
  • Networking and representation of the cluster abroad

Support programmes

EU Programmes

European Programmes
H2020 Other

Name & description

Project name


  • Related to the development of sustainable energy communities

BioVill project:

The overall objective of BioVill is to develop regional bioenergy concepts in Slovenia, Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia and Romania up to the investment stage in order to become “bioenergy villages”. This will increase the market uptake of bioenergy on the basis of cooperation with partners from countries with established bioenergy markets (Austria, Germany). The following specific objectives and activities will contribute to the overall objective: (1) 5 villages have developed the institutional set-up and energy management concept for becoming a bioenergy village up to investment stage for physical infrastructure with at least one bioenergy village in Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Romania and Macedonia. The local market uptake of bioenergy value chains are to be proven by signing of letters of commitment. (2) Mobilization of 62 GWh/y heat and power based on solid biomass in at least 5 target villages. The individual biomass value chains will include the production and distribution of heat and electricity. The concepts include technical and non-technical aspects for each target village. (3) Increase public acceptance of sustainable bioenergy and raise public awareness on commercial opportunities for farmers, foresters and the bioenergy value chain as a whole by means of public participation. This will be realized by ensuring the public participation of the inhabitants (10,000 households) in the target regions for setting up at least 5 villages across the 5 implementing countries. (4) Capacity Building of users and key actors in business and legislation to manage the bioenergy villages in a sustainable way and be able to either enact the EU based national legislation or make full use of the opportunities that these new markets create for them. In the set-up of bioenergy villages along the bioenergy value chains it will involve at least 500 participants in order to have a critical mass of key actors. (This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N 691661).

AgroBioHeat project

The project aims to produce a mass deployment of improved and market ready agrobiomass heating solutions in Europe. Agrobiomass is a large, underexploited and indigenous resource, which can support the achievement of the European Energy and Climate targets, while promoting rural development and circular economy. Actions will be mainly located in 6 European countries (EL, ES, FR, RO, HR and UA; 5 EU-28+Ukraine) where an extensive national movement is intended to be created by the engagement, alignment of interests and creation of policy, financial and social conditions favouring the expansion of agrobiomass heating; at the EU level, specific policy recommendations regarding the efficiency and emissions of agrobiomass heating solutions will be passed on to relevant bodies for the development of new regulations.

(This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N 818369).

Biomass-the green business

The project was implemented by the Green Energy Association in partnership with Oxford Research AS from Norway and it has been supported by a grant from Norway through the Norway Grants 2009-2014, in the frame of Green Industry Innovation Programme Romania.

The purpose of the project was to create a community scale model for biomass utilization for sustainable local economic development and encourage development of local eco-businesses along biomass value chain.

Trainings have been provided with the main topic: Business opportunities in the biomass field

·       Energy willow plantations (from planting to harvesting)

·       Green wood waste, woodchips, biomass heating systems, automated boiler manufacturing

·       Green enterprises, the biomass value chain

·       Business plan development, business ideas

·       Clustering in the biomass industry


In the frame of the project a Cluster-management training has been also organized to strengthen the knowledge capacity of the cluster.


Exchange of experience in the field of energy efficiency in rural areas (05.2017 – 10.2017),

A project financed by the EEA Financial Mechanism 2009-2014, project partner from Norway.

  • Related to education, research and awareness raising

Bioenergy Train project

The Cluster is partner in a consortia of 15 partners from six EU countries in the project BioenergyTrain, that aims to create new post-graduate level curricula in key bioenergy disciplines, and a network of tertiary education institutions, research centres, professional associations, and industry stakeholders encompassing the whole value chain of bioenergy from field/forest to integration into the sustainable energy systems of buildings, settlements and regions.

The project will foster European cooperation to provide a highly skilled and innovative workforce across the whole bioenergy value chain, closely following the recommendations of the SET-Plan Education Roadmap (This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N 656760).

Phoenix project:

The Cluster is partner in an international, interdisciplinary, cross-sectorial project, bringing together a total of 16 partners: 14 from the EU (5 companies and 9 academic organisations) and two Third-Country academic partners to enhance its collective research excellence and create new, post-graduate-level research training in key disciplines that support the provision of bio-energy. (This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N 690925).

Promotion in Romania of energetic willow cultivation technology (Salix Viminalis) as an alternative source of clean energy

Supporting and developing technical equipment necessary for the establishment of a culture of energetic willow and harvesting and shredding the strains of energetic willow (project funded by the Executive Unit for Financing of Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation, Romania, 2012 – 2015).

The novelty of the project was to achieve for the first time in the country of a technology on the establishment and harvesting of energetic willow for their use in an integrated ecological system, including technical equipment necessary for the establishment of a culture of energetic willow and harvesting and shredding the strains of energetic willow.

”Respect of the environment”

project funded by the Environment Fund Administration Romania (2011 – 2012), awareness raising activities on renewable energies, biomass, energy willow crops, sustainable rural development.

  • Related to cluster development

Cosmenerg project:

Clusters Excellence project in Central and Eastern European network of cluster organisations in the field of energy,

renewable energy and environmental technology

The five cluster organizations involved are as follows: Archenerg Cluster (Hungary), Green Energy Biomass Cluster (Romania), Netzwerk Energie und Umwelt e.V (Neu e.V) – Network for Energy and Environmental Technology (Germany), Baltic Eco-energy Cluster (Poland), Ecopanonia - Eco-energy and eco-culture cluster (Serbia).

The project aims to generate added-value services for the involved cluster organisation’s SME members and support their growth and competitiveness through identifying the type of services generating the greatest added-value and delivering these services in the most effective manner.

  • Related to internationalisation of the cluster

Cosmenerg 4i project:

COSMENERG-4i 'Global Clusters for Renewable Energy and Environmental Technologies' is the biggest partnership in the field of renewable energy and environmental technologies originating in Central and Eastern Europe. It comprises around 450 members including large companies and SMEs, research institutions, universities, local authorities and related stakeholders. COSMENERG-4i was founded in 2018 and is headquartered in Budapest, Hungary.

COSMENERG-4i 'Global Clusters for Renewable Energy and Environmental Technologies' has been granted the European Strategic Cluster Partnership Going International (ESCP-4i) Label by the European Commission in February 2018.

COSMENERG-4i 'Global Clusters for Renewable Energy and Environmental Technologies' is committed to foster international networking and collaboration and to actively engage in globally competitive value chain development in the emerging industries of eco-, bio-energy, renewable energy and environmental technologies to enhance the technological transfer from environmentally destructive business processes to a green economy at European level and beyond, with a view to support growth, jobs and investment in Europe and worldwide.

Exchange of experience C2C (12.2017-06.2018)

An EaP Plus Cluster programme, exchange of experience and inter-cluster cooperation between Green Energy Cluster and Biomass Energy Cluster from the Republic of Moldova. Transferring the know-how in cluster management and

to enhance the EU-EaP research and innovation partnership.

Technical assistance provided to the Cluster from Republic of Moldova

International Training and Technical Assistance Programme (TTAP) for Moldovan Biomass Private Sector.

Cooperation activities

International cooperation

Targeted countries

Viet Nam

Transnational cooperation

Targeted countries

Moldova, Republic of

Transnational support activites

Participation at missions/events/study visits/fairs

International support activites

Participation at missions/events/study visits/fairs

Further information

World Sustainable Energy Days, Austria EU Cluster Matchmaking Event, Mission for Growth to Spain Smart Energy Expo, Verona Study-tour to Norway (OREEC Cluster) Mission to Hungary (C2C) Key Energy Rimini EU Gateway to China program EU-US Days cluster matchmaking event Cooperation on cluster development  with ZELB Moldova National Environment Centre Chisinau

Membership in cluster networks, meta clusters and national associations of clusters

Upcoming events

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