The recent decision of the German government to stop atomic energy production has intensified the debate between energy production and energy consumption. Besides, the German government in accordance with the guidelines of the European Union laid down a concept in September 2008 for an environmentally and reliable energy supply. It is intended that by 2050 the following goals should be achieved. These are:
- Reduction of the emission of greenhouses gases by at least 80 % as compared to 1990;
- Extension of the use of renewable energies that shall contribute to at least 60 % of the gross energy consumption.
According to the Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe (FNR), biomass shall contribute to at least 23 % of the entire energy supply that shall cover the demands for heat, electricity and fuel.
Biomass alone covers 70 % of the energy production when all other renewable energy sources are put together. 90 % of heat is produced by biomass from the combustion of wood. Although wind energy still plays a crucial role in the production of electricity, the potential of biomass in this regard is not to be underestimated. In the field of fuels, biomass remains the only renewable source. The regional and worldwide available biomass should not only be used energetically but also materially so that platform molecules, bio-based materials et cetera with a high-added value could be produced. This is the vision of biomastec. The cluster sees itself as a strategic marketing and information platform to deliver innovative and efficient solutions for the efficient use of available biomass to enhance and encourage a bio-based economy not only in Germany and Europe but to the entire world.
Biomastec is a network that is sponsored and under the tutelage of the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi). Its goal is to initiate and oversee innovative market-orientated research and development projects in which new products, technologies and services can be produced for the efficient use of biomass. In order to achieve this goal a stark and coordinated cross-talk between academia and industry is mandatory.
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